Loi n°95-101 du 2 février 1995 (loi Barnier). Relative au renforcement de la protection de l'environnement.

Participant’s information
Family name/first name
Audrey BAILLS
Email address
Host institution during the project
BRGM
Area of expertise / professional role / SIM code
Science
Please specify
Universities / research institutes
Level of involvement in the action
External observer
Date of the questionnaire entry
10/10/2017
Source of your information
Project report or other deliverable
Basic information about the action
Title of the action
Loi n°95-101 du 2 février 1995 (loi Barnier). Relative au renforcement de la protection de l'environnement.
Acronym of the action
Loi Barnier
Are you evaluating an action in its entirety or only a specific sub-section?
Entire action
Starting date (real or provisional)
Starting year (to specify)
Please specify
1995
End date (real or provisional)
No end date specified
Espresso's Challenge concerned
Disaster Risk Reduction
Thematic context of the action
Policy/legislation/regulation
Description of the action
Donne à l’Etat le droit d’expropriation dans le cas où les moyens de protection de la population sont plus coûteux que les indemnités d’expropriation. Un fond de prévention des risques, alimenté par des prélèvements sur les cotisations d’assurance cat’nat, est créé pour financer les indemnités d’expropriation et les démolitions. Source Classeur “Les risques naturels en Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur”, coédition BRGM, Région et DREAL Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
State of progress of the action
Ongoing
Territories concerned by the action
France
Spatial scale of the action
National scale
Type(s) of hazards concerned by the action
Riverine flood
Storm surge/coastal inundation
Groundwater flooding
Storm
Earthquake
Volcanic eruption
Ground instability
Tsunami
Forest fire
Drought
In which language(s) have the action-related documents been formulated?
French
Risk evaluation and understanding (Average : 1)
Does the action have an impact on the fundamental scientific understanding of natural risks and/or climate change?
1 : No
Please evaluate the action's influence on transparency and public access to non-sensitive natural risk and/or climate change data
0 : no particular impact
Is the action able to federate different fields of expertise?
1 : very limited ability
Does the action contribute to create, enrich or improve data contents?
0 : no contribution
Does the action have an impact on local risk culture or risk memory among the population?
3 : moderate impact
Does the action integrate local and indigenous knowledge?
1 : No local knowledge integrated
Optimising governance (Average : 1)
Does the action contribute to integrating scientific research into public policy or decision making process?
1 : very small contribution
Please evaluate the action's impact on improving the coordinated cooperation between various institutions/organizations from DRR and CCA?
1 : very small impact
Does the action contribute to improving the quality control of norms and standards relating to disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation?
1 : very small contribution
Please evaluate the action's contribution in reducing incoherence between existing legal, normative and contractual references in the field of disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation, including between different countries
0 : no contribution
What is the action's contribution towards reducing incoherencies in the management of different natural hazards in view of an evolution towards a multi-hazard approach?
1 : very small contribution
How does the action contribute towards integrating civil society and local business/private sector in decision making processes?
3 : moderate contribution
Does the action contribute to building or maintaining the expertise, knowledge and/or skills among public bodies?
0 : no contribution
Investment for increasing resilience (Average : 2.17)
What is the action's contribution to ensure the funding of new initiatives and equipment (retrofit of critical infrastructure, building of laboratories, implementation of outreach programmes...)?
1 : very small contribution
How would you describe the action's impact on promoting public and private actors' self-investment in preventing and reducing disaster risk or adapting to climate change?
3 : moderate impact
Please evaluate the action's contribution to risk sharing/transfer via appropriate financial instruments (insurance, etc.)
4 : strong contribution
How does the action contribute to economic development (innovation, new markets, job creation)?
0 : no impact
Please evaluate the action's contribution to reducing social vulnerability by decreasing poverty and developing social safety nets
4 : strong contribution
Disadvantaged and/or socially isolated groups (children/senior citizens/people with disabilities, racial/sexual/religious minorities) have specific needs in terms of risk prevention. Does the action account for these needs?
1 : These needs were not considered in the action
Improvement of response (Average : 0.6)
Does the action contribute to establishing or improving early warning systems, including via the implementation of crisis simulation exercices?
0 : no contribution
Does the action contribute to better identifying and quantifying the impacts of natural hazards, particularly long term effects?
0 : no contribution
Does the action contribute to creating opportunities for reducing vulnerability during the post-disaster reconstruction phase? (Build Back Better)
3 : moderate contribution
Please evaluate the action's contribution to facilitating emergency response and population evacuation in the event of a crisis
0 : no contribution
Please evaluate the action's impact on the timespan needed for the restoration of critical facilities and services (transportation, healthcare, energy...)
0 : no impact
Potential for transformative change (Average : 1.5)
Does the action enhance political will to act on disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation?
1 : very small impact
Please evaluate the action's contribution to promote local population's involvement in disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation activities
3 : moderate contribution
Is the action sustainable from an economic point of view (e.g. maintenance costs)?
0 : Further financing required in order to ensure sustainability
Does the action account for environmental sustainability (respect and preservation of natural landscape, biodiversity, ecosystems, soil and water quality...)?
4 : fairly comprehensive consideration
Does the action explicitly take into account climate change issues?
0 : No
Is the action transferable to a different territorial, national or cultural context?
3 : Easily transferable
Is the action transferable to a different spatial or temporal scale?
2 : Difficult to transpose
Chapter 1: From Disaster Risk Management to Disaster Risk Governance : 1.33
Please evaluate the action's contribution in reducing incoherence between existing legal, normative and contractual references in the field of disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation, including between different countries
0 : no contribution
Does the action contribute to integrating scientific research into public policy or decision making process?
1 : very small contribution
Does the action contribute to creating opportunities for reducing vulnerability during the post-disaster reconstruction phase? (Build Back Better)
3 : moderate contribution
Chapter 2: Sharing Knowledge : 0.67
Is the action able to federate different fields of expertise?
1 : very limited ability
Does the action contribute to integrating scientific research into public policy or decision making process?
1 : very small contribution
Does the action integrate local and indigenous knowledge?
1 : No local knowledge integrated
Does the action have an impact on the fundamental scientific understanding of natural risks and/or climate change?
1 : No
Does the action contribute to create, enrich or improve data contents?
0 : no contribution
Does the action contribute to better identifying and quantifying the impacts of natural hazards, particularly long term effects?
0 : no contribution
Chapter 3: Harmonizing Capacities : 0.33
Does the action contribute to building or maintaining the expertise, knowledge and/or skills among public bodies?
0 : no contribution
Does the action contribute to improving the quality control of norms and standards relating to disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation?
1 : very small contribution
Does the action contribute to establishing or improving early warning systems, including via the implementation of crisis simulation exercices?
0 : no contribution
Chapter 4: Institutionalizing Coordination : 1
Please evaluate the action's impact on improving the coordinated cooperation between various institutions/organizations from DRR and CCA?
1 : very small impact
What is the action's contribution towards reducing incoherencies in the management of different natural hazards in view of an evolution towards a multi-hazard approach?
1 : very small contribution
Chapter 5: Engaging Stakeholders : 2.5
How does the action contribute towards integrating civil society and local business/private sector in decision making processes?
3 : moderate contribution
Does the action integrate local and indigenous knowledge?
1 : No local knowledge integrated
How would you describe the action's impact on promoting public and private actors' self-investment in preventing and reducing disaster risk or adapting to climate change?
3 : moderate impact
Please evaluate the action's contribution to promote local population's involvement in disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation activities
3 : moderate contribution
Is the action transferable to a different territorial, national or cultural context?
3 : Easily transferable
Is the action transferable to a different spatial or temporal scale?
2 : Difficult to transpose
Chapter 6: Leveraging Political Commitment : 1.5
Does the action enhance political will to act on disaster risk reduction and/or climate change adaptation?
1 : very small impact
What is the action's contribution to ensure the funding of new initiatives and equipment (retrofit of critical infrastructure, building of laboratories, implementation of outreach programmes...)?
1 : very small contribution
Please evaluate the action's contribution to risk sharing/transfer via appropriate financial instruments (insurance, etc.)
4 : strong contribution
Is the action sustainable from an economic point of view (e.g. maintenance costs)?
0 : Further financing required in order to ensure sustainability
Chapter 7: Developing Communication : 0.67
Please evaluate the action's influence on transparency and public access to non-sensitive natural risk and/or climate change data
0 : no particular impact
Does the action have an impact on local risk culture or risk memory among the population?
3 : moderate impact
Action's evaluation